Chapter 6. National Defense Resources
/Section 4. Integrating National Defense with the People's Livelihood
By upholding the Article 22 of the National Defense Act and policy directives of revitalizing economy and expanding domestic demands of the Executive Yuan, the MND has been continuing to release national defense resources to the private sector while encouraging private participation in our infrastructure projects. In addition, the MND has been promoting environmental conservation measures to implement energy saving and carbon reduction policies.
I. Resource Releasing
Following the releasing means of GOCO for military industries, outsourcing insensitive management activities, strategic alliance for maintenance, and domestic procurement of spare parts, we have been releasing national defense resources to the private sector so as to encourage private businesses to join in building our national defenses while invigorating our market economy and increasing employment opportunities.
( I ) Resources Releasing Approach
In accordance with the principle that the ROC Armed Forces shall neither establish producing capabilities nor conduct overseas procurements for any product that can be supplied by domestic manufacturers, the MND has been releasing insensitive, low time-critical, and non-kernel capabilities to the private sector to improve its ability to conduct R&D, production and maintenance of military hardware. Additionally, the MND has been increasing the percentage of resources releasing by deducting expenditures in personnel, necessary overseas procurement for military hardware and maintenance, and non-transactional activities from the acquired national defense budget.
( II ) Implementation Results from 2014 to 2015
The planned objective of releasing for 2014 was NT$ 81.2 billion. Actual amount achieved was NT$ 82.7 billion for an achievement rate of 101.93%. The objective for 2015 is NT$ 82.0 billion. Major long-term released programs are listed as follows:
1.Production and maintenance of 8-wheeled armored vehicles;
2.Phase 2 F-CK-1 Ching-Kuo Fighter Upgrade;
3.Phase 2 construction for high performance combat vessel;
4.Follow-on acquisition of night vision equipment;
5.New internal communications system for tanks, self-propelled vehicles, and armored vehicles;
6.Satellite communications system;
7.Maintenance through strategic alliance for aircraft, vessel and ground /general equipment;
8.GOCO for military industries.
I I . P romot ing Private Participat ion in Public Infrastructure Projects
Complying with the Executive Yuan's policies and considering its future organizational functions and requirements for its force buildup, the MND has been absorbing emerging technologies (subject matter expertise) or management concepts from the private sector to revitalize its application and maintenance for assets and properties in order to improve overall public benefits and satisfy the mutual interests of both the government and the private sector.
( I ) Policy Objectives
In conformity with the Act for Promotion of Private Participation in Infrastructure Projects (AP3IP), the MND has been releasing items that meet the relevant criteria for private operations and management in order to reduce operational costs.
( II ) Implementation Status and Results
1.Released items fall into 2 categories: medical healthcare and recreation and tourism. 12 projects are underway, such as Outsourcing Management of Tri-service General Hospitals, and the total value of private sector investments is about NT$ 900 million.
2.In 2014, we have added a new project, generating over NT$ 40 million of investments. Projects, such as the Army Reunion Hall, Educational Exhibition Hall of the ROC Air Force Academy, Chung Cheng Armed Forces Preparatory School and the National Revolutionary Martyrs' Shrine, are now undergoing feasibility evaluations.
III. Environmental and Ecological Protection and Energy Conservation
On the condition of without affecting combat preparedness and training, the ROC Armed Forces have been driving sustainable energy savings and carbon reduction education for environmental protection purposes, and has reached the goal of negative increase in annual fuel, electricity and water consumption. We have been working in accordance with the Executive Yuan policies on cleaning our homeland, maintaining biodiversity, and reducing environmental hazards to drive our benchmark environmental protection programs for green energy savings and implement energy saving and carbon reduction policies.
( I ) Environmental Protection Policies and Results
1. Airbases Noise Control
Since 1998, the MND has been earmarking supplementary funds for building noise control facilities in schools, libraries, medical institutions, public facilities and residences in the vicinity of airbases in accordance with the Noise Control Act and Noise Control Act Enforcement Rules. In 2014, NT$ 2.02 billion was allocated for such purpose, and was accounted for 91.94% in its category. We have earmarked NT$ 162 million for aviation noise control in FY 2015, and we are supervising the process fully according to designated schedule.
2. Clean Homeland
In 2014, we have done environmental cleaning work for 1,411 vacant buildings in 447 unoccupied properties of the MND and its subordinate units (total area of 2,151.53 hectares). The MND has been promoting all units to clean 50 meter premises around respective locations, removing a total 19,016 tons of garbage and waste. In addition, we have produced an exclusive report titled Important Knowledge for Sustainable Development broadcasted in Chu-Kuang (Glorious) Garden educational TV program, and the program was viewed by 175,000 individuals, helping promote the concept of environmental protection and low carbon emissions.
3. Green Procurement
In 2014, we have specifically designated procurement cases for environmental friendly products worth NT$ 108 million, and our total expenditures in environmental friendly procurements worth NT$ 114 million. Achievement rates for the specific procurements and total green procurement items reached 95.5% and 98.5%, respectively, satisfying the 90% objective prescribed by the Environmental Protection Administration of the Executive Yuan.
( II ) Biodiversity Hazard Prevention and Control
1. Red Fire Ants Control
Fire ants invasion are being contained in 20 military properties. After receiving reports from the Council of Agriculture, we have followed standard operating procedures to spray insecticides and carried out other pest control measures. Aside from one military installation relieved from the control, there are another 19 properties still under pest controls.
2. Bitter Vine and Devil Weed Control
Bitter vine (Mikania micrantha) invasions have been reported in 15 military properties (affecting an area of 14.622 hectares), while devil weed (Chromolaena odorata) invasions have been reported in 3 military properties (for an area of 0.3 hectares). After implementing control measures, bitter vine was successfully removed from an area of 9.78 hectares for a prevention rate of 66.85%. Devil weed was removed from an area of 0.3 hectares for 100% prevention rate.
3. Whitetop Weed Control
Whitetop Weed (Parthenium hysterophorus) invasions have been reported in 1 military facility (affecting area of 0.078 hectares). After implementing control measures, the weed was eradicated from an area of 0.047 hectares, and current prevention rate of the weed is 60.25%.
4. Biting Midge Control
There are 33 military facilities under pest control for biting midges (Forcipomyia taiwana). After being treated by pest control measures, only 8 of them would require further treatments.
( III ) Energy Conservation and Carbon Reduction
1.In response to the Executive Yuan’s Four-saving projects among government agencies and schools, the MND has been actively promoting energy saving and carbon reduction measures, and demanding all its subordinate units to achieve negative growth objectives in annual fuel, electricity and water consumption.
2.Fuel conservation: Controls were implemented from 2007 to 2015 with the objectives of reducing overall administrative fuel consumption by 14%. Todate, fuel savings amounted to 27.14%, reaching the objective prescribed by the Executive Yuan. Administrative and combat training fuel usage in 2014 also achieved savings of 11.72% and 1.2%, respectively, compared to the same period of 2013, both of which have satisfied the 1% fuel savings objective for FY 2014 prescribed by the Executive Yuan.
3.Water and electricity conservation: Controls were implemented from 2007 to 2015 with the objectives of reducing overall water and electricity consumption by 12% and 10%, respectively. Statistical data has shown that our cumulative water and electricity saving percentage from 2008 to 2014 were 36.43% (12.32 million kiloliters) and 14.97% (145.54 million kilowatt hours) respectively, satisfying the goals prescribed by the Executive Yuan. Water and electricity saving percentage from January to December 2014 compared to the same period of 2013 were 3.95% (1,070,884 kiloliters) and 1.99% (19,885,437 kilowatt hours), respectively, satisfying the water and electricity saving targets of 2% and 1% for FY 2015 prescribed by the Executive Yuan.
4.Paper savings: As of August 2015, the usage of online signature and approval reached 81.85% in the organic units and defense agencies (institutions) of the MND, and 79.63% in service headquarters, military academies, and direct subsidiary establishments (forces) of the General Staff Headquarters, far exceeding the targeted 40% online signature and approval for FY 2015 prescribed by the Executive Yuan.